Ammonium Acetate

Ammonium acetate is a chemical compound that is also known as the Spirit of Mindererus in an aqueous solution. It is derived from the reaction of ammonia and acetic acid.

Structure & Formula

You can see the chemical structure of the chemical below.

Structure of Ammonium Acetate
Structure of Ammonium Acetate (Source)

This compound has the chemical formula of NH4CH3CO2. It has the IUPAC name of Ammonium ethanoate. 

Ammonium Acetate Preparation

The compound is prepared by saturating glacial acetic acid with ammonia. It is also produced by the neutralization of acetic acid with ammonium carbonate.

Properties of Ammonium Acetate

Let us discuss some of the important properties of this chemical compound.

Molecular Weight(amu)77.08
Hydrogen Bond Donor Count1
Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count2
Rotatable Bond Count0
Exact Mass of the compound77.0476
Topological Polar Surface Area41.1 Å2
Heavy Atom Count5
Formal Charge0
Isotope Atom Count0
Is it Canonicalized?Yes
Defined Atom Stereocenter Count0
Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count0
Defined Bond Stereocenter Count0
Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count0
Covalently Bonded Unit Count2
Physical AppearanceWhite Solid Crystals, deliquescent
OdorSlightly acetic
Density (g/cm3)1.17
Melting Point (℃)113
Boiling Point (℃)
SolubilitySoluble in alcohol, acetone, liquid Ammonia, SO2


Inhalation of ammonium acetate dust may cause nose and mouth irritation. Swallowing of the compound may cause stomach irritation. Eye or skin contact with it may cause rashes.


  • The compound finds its applications in explosives, foam rubbers, vinyl plastics, etc.
  • It is also used to preserve meats and dyes.
  • It finds application as a biodegradable de-icing agent.
  • The compound is used as a catalyst in the Knoevenagel reaction and also as a source of ammonia in the Borch reaction.
  • It is used as a reagent in agricultural chemistry for the determination of soil CEC(cation exchange capacity).
  • It is also used as a food additive, as an acidity regulator.
  • Ammonium Acetate is the main precursor to acetamide.


How should ammonium acetate be stored?

It should be kept cool and tightly stored.

What is the chemical formula of ammonium acetate?

The chemical formula of this chemical compound is NH4CH3CO2.

What is ammonium acetate used for?

It finds major application in preserving meats and dyes, in explosives, foam rubber, etc.

More on Inorganic Compounds

Sodium Dichromate (Na2Cr2O7)Sodium Potassium Tartrate (C4H4O6KNa.4H2O)
Mohr’s Salt (Fe(SO4)(NH4)2(SO4)(H2O)6)Sulfur Trioxide (SO3)
Ammonium Phosphate ((NH4)3PO4)Ammonium Bicarbonate ((NH4)HCO3)

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