The bursting of a balloon is a physical process. It involves a change in the physical properties of the balloon as it goes from an inflated state to a burst state.
The process can be explained by the principles of mechanics, specifically the relationship between pressure, volume, and temperature.
When a balloon is inflated, the air molecules inside the balloon are pushed closer together, which increases the pressure inside the balloon. The balloon’s elasticity allows it to expand and accommodate this increased pressure.
However, if the pressure inside the balloon becomes too great, the balloon’s material can no longer withstand the force, and it ruptures, releasing the air inside.
During the bursting process, the balloon undergoes a rapid change in shape and size, and there is a sudden release of energy in the form of sound and heat. The process is purely physical and does not involve any chemical reactions.