Factors of 42 are basically the numbers that divide it evenly or exactly without leaving any remainder i.e if a number divides 42 with a remainder of zero, then that number is called a factor.
- All Factors: 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 14, 21, and 42
- Factors in pairs: (1,42),(2,21),(3,14),(6,7)
- Prime Factor: 2,3,7
Now, let us see the prime factors and prime factorization of the number.
Prime Factorization of 42
Prime factorization is a method of “expressing” or finding the given number as the product of prime numbers. If a number occurs more than once in prime factorization, it is usually expressed in exponential form to make it more compact.
The prime factorization of the required number is: 2 x 3 x 7
Prime Factorization of 42 by Upside-Down Division Method
Upside-Down Division is one of the techniques of Prime factorization to find factors of numbers.
In this method, you will divide a given “composite” number evenly by the several prime numbers(starting from the smallest) till it gets a prime number.
It is called Upside-Down Division because the symbol is flipped upside down.
Here, 42 is an even number. So it is undoubtedly divisible by 2 with no remainder.
Thus we do 42÷ 2 = 21. Now find the prime factors of the obtained quotient.
Repeat Step 1 and Step 2 until we get a result of prime number as the quotient.
Here, 21 is the quotient. Now find the prime factor of 21
21÷ 3 = 7. Here, 7 is the prime number.
So we can stop the process.
So, now the prime factorization of 42 with the upside-down division method is 2 × 3 × 7.
Prime Factorization of 42 by Factor Tree Method
The Factor tree method is another technique for producing the prime factorization and all factors of a given number.
To use this method for a number x,
Firstly consider two factors say a,b of x such that a*b is equal to x and at least one of them (a, b) is a prime factor say a.
Then consider two factors of b say c, d such that again at least one of them is a prime factor. This process is repeated until both the factors are prime i.e if we get both the factors as prime at any step, we stop the process there.
Following is the factor tree of the given number.
Here we can get the prime factorisation of 42 as 2 * 3 * 7 and the prime factors are 2, 3 and 7
All the factors are 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 14, 21, and 42.
The factors of 42 are 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 14, 21, and 42 and the factors of 6 are 1, 2, 3, and 6.
The GCF is 6 as 6 is a divisor of 42.