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When reproductive cells mature, the Principle of Independent Assortment outlines how various genes separate from one another independently. The pairs of homologous chromosomes are divided in half to generate haploid cells during meiosis, and the distribution of homologous chromosomes is random.
The physical basis for the law of independent assortment can be seen during gamete production during meiosis I, when homologous pairs line up in random orientations in the cell’s center as they prepare to separate. During metaphase, I of meiosis, homologous pairs of chromosomes line up at the metaphase plate.
An Independent assortment of genes is important to produce new genetic combinations that increase genetic variations within a population.